The energy possessed by a body due to its position is known as potential energy.
P.E = mgh
m= mass of the body
g =10 m/s2
h = height of body
Example: A block having mass 100 kg is raised to a height of 5 m. Find its potential energy.
Solution: P.E = mgh = 100 kg * 10 m/s2 * 5 m
= 5000 J