The energy possessed by a body due to its position is known as potential energy.

Formula

P.E = mgh

where

m= mass of the body

g =10 m/s2

h = height of body

Example

Example: A block having mass 100 kg is raised to a height of 5 m. Find its potential energy.

Solution: P.E = mgh = 100 kg * 10 m/s2 * 5 m

= 5000 J